This post is not meant to prove that Samus has nanosecond reaction time, as a minority of the fanbase might think, but to support the idea that sense move allows Samus to sense imminent danger, or—for lack of a better word—”aim-dodge”. One might compare this ability to Spider-Man’s spider sense. It has been assumed that because Samus has been integrated with Chozo DNA and the fact that the Chozo possess psionics, that Samus may possess some form of precognition. In Metroid Prime, the Chozo speak of an ability known as “distant sight”, which allows them to see the future. Below are a set of arguments to support Samus’ ability to dodge light speed attacks, but only on the basis of her sense move ability.
P1: The nova beam is defined as “a high-frequency beam”. 
P2: The nova beam is used in conjunction with the x-ray visor. 
P3: X-rays are high-frequency electromagnetic rays. 
C: Therefore, it is highly probable that the nova beam fires x-rays. (From P2 and P3.)
P1: The nova beam shares the same design as the light beam and wave beam. 
P2: The light beam fires light. 
P3: Visible light is part of the electromagnetic spectrum. 
P4: All electromagnetic radiation travels at the speed of light. 
C: Therefore, the light beam travels the speed of light. (From P2, P3, and P4.)
P1: The wave beam shares the same design as the light beam and nova beam. 
P2: The wave beam fires “wave energy”.  (This phrase is redundant as all waves transfer energy.)
P3: Mechanical waves requires a medium and cannot travel in a vacuum.
P4: Electromagnetic waves can travel in a vacuum.
P5: The wave beam is an electromagnetic wave. (From P2 and P4.)
P6: Electromagnetic waves travel at the speed of light. 
C: The wave beam travels the speed of light. (From P5 and P6.)
P1: The wave, light, and nova beam pass through solid objects. 
P2: Super Zebesians fire beams capable of passing through solid objects.
P3: The wave, light, and nova beams are the only known technologies capable of passing through solid objects.
P4: Space pirates are known for reverse-engineering Samus’ technology.
C: Therefore, it is highly probable that the super Zebesians are using one of these technologies, which are capable of traveling light speed.